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September 1940


Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;24(3):547-551. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00870030125014

The treatment of spastic entropion has in my experience not been entirely satisfactory, and in talking with other ophthalmologists I find that they have had similar disappointments. This applies to the treatment of entropion which has not responded to injections of alcohol, the use of sutures or other therapeutic measures.

Some of the numerous procedures for the relief of entropion follow, with a description of the principles involved in a number of them :

  • Temporary mechanical correction by means of collodion, adhesive plaster, sutures or cautery puncture.

  • Correction by plastic procedures, such as the Celsus operation, Graefe's operation, Vogt's canthoplasty and the Panas-Chronis procedure. These procedures evert the lid by shortening the skin from above down, as in the Celsus operation, or by making the skin taut from side to side, pushing backward on the orbicularis oculi muscle and the lower border of the tarsus, thereby correcting the faulty position of

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