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Article
January 1941

OCULISTS AND OCCULTISTS: ASTROLOGY AND THE EYE

Author Affiliations

ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1941;25(1):36-61. doi:10.1001/archopht.1941.00870070050006
Abstract

The idea that disease is caused by occult powers was rooted in the mind of primitive man from time immemorial. The supernatural forces responsible for morbid conditions were believed to have taken their origin from four different sources: (1) subterranean powers, such as ghosts of the dead; (2) terranean forces, such as the evil eye; (3) aerial agencies, such as demons and elves, and (4) heavenly powers, such as gods and stars. The present paper is confined to the subject of healing through the stars, with special reference to the eye.

"When God created the universe he set in motion the two great lights. When he created man he placed in him two eyes" (Emerson).

To the ancients, the analogy of the human eyes to heavenly bodies was not merely metaphoric. Hermes Trismegistus, often styled "The Father of Egyptian Medicine," following the Egyptian doctrine that each organ of the body

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