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Article
April 1941

DEVELOPMENT AND PREVENTION OF MYOPIA AT THE UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY

Author Affiliations

Captain, Medical Corps, United States Navy ANNAPOLIS, MD.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1941;25(4):539-547. doi:10.1001/archopht.1941.00870100017001

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Abstract

The visual standards for the line of the Navy, the branch which handles the naval vessels of the United States, have always been based on the fact that it is essential for navigational, watch and gunnery officers to have normal vision and not to have to wear glasses, which may become fogged in bad weather or may even be broken or lost, with consequent serious impairment of vision. For many years the high incidence of myopia which apparently developed among midshipmen after admission to the United States Naval Academy with supposedly normal vision was a cause of serious concern to all those interested. For years every effort was made to save such men to the service by giving them extended complete rest of their eyes before reexamination of their vision, and by retaining many of them in the Naval Academy for one to three years in the hope that their

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