Band-shaped opacity of the cornea is usually classified on an etiologic basis into three categories: (1) primary, (2) secondary and (3) traumatic. All ophthalmologists are familiar with the band-shaped opacity of the secondary type, which occurs in degenerated and usually shrunken eyes of old persons. However, there is a second subtype, an extremely rare form, which occurs in children, the great majority of whom have rheumatism in any degree up to infantile polyarthritis.1 With this type the eyes are otherwise sound.
Ohm2 in 1910 was the first to record an occurrence of this condition in a child who was suffering with arthritis. Uhthoff,3 Fuchs,4 Karsch5 and others later reported similar cases. Uhthoff in his report stated that in 200,000 cases of ocular disease observed by him there was only 1 such case. Zeeman,6 in a recent article, reviewed the literature, collected 17 cases and
WONG RT. BAND-SHAPED OPACITY OF THE CORNEA ASSOCIATED WITH JUVENILE ATROPHIC ARTHRITIS: REPORT OF A CASE. Arch Ophthalmol. 1941;26(1):21–24. doi:10.1001/archopht.1941.00870130037004
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