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August 1941


Author Affiliations

Formerly professor at the University of Vienna.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1941;26(2):250-259. doi:10.1001/archopht.1941.00870140100006

According to a general physiologic and anatomic law of the vegetative nerves, the efferent fibers of this system are interrupted once in one ganglion and afterward reach their termination, in contradistinction to the cerebrospinal nerves, which run directly uninterrupted from their nuclei to their peripheral ends in the musculature (Langley1). This law of innervation of the inner organs shows allegedly two exceptions : 1. The two large nerve trunks of the gastrointestinal tract, the vagus nerve and the sympathetic nerve, have a first interruption in the celiac plexus and a second in the Auerbach and Meissner plexuses. 2. The fibers of the oculomotor nerve, after having found a real interruption within the ciliary ganglion, are not distributed in the smooth muscles of the eyeball but allegedly present a second synapse within the ciliary plexus. The function of the ciliary plexus, whose very rich fibers are imposing, and the importance of

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