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Article
September 1941

BOECK'S SARCOID WITH OCULAR LOCALIZATION: SURVEY OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF A CASE

Author Affiliations

BROOKLYN
From the Department of Ophthalmology, the Jewish Hospital.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1941;26(3):358-388. doi:10.1001/archopht.1941.00870150032003
Abstract

Boeck's sarcoid is a chronic relatively benign disorder of unknown cause with particular predilection for the lymphatic tissue or the reticuloendothelial system. It has been described in the literature under numerous titles: Boeck's disease, Besnier-Boeck disease, Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease, Schaumann's disease, benign lymphogranulomatosis, sarcoidosis, noncaseating tuberculosis, pseudotuberculosis and paratuberculosis. The term sarcoid was adopted by Boeck1 in 1899 for lesions simulating sarcomas and leukemic conditions of the skin. He believed the condition to be one only of the skin. Later he recognized his mistake in the term and changed it to multiple miliary lupoid because of the granulomatous structure, like that seen in tuberculosis and leprosy. In 1906 Darier and Roussy described another type of this disease, in which the lesions were situated deep. Ten years before Boeck's article, in 1889, Besnier2 described a type of lupus which he called lupus pernio or chilblain lupio, but this name had

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