Among surgeons operating for strabismus no agreement has yet been reached concerning certain questions which are of importance in the choice of operation. Almost every operator has, for reasons which seem good to him, fixed his preference on two or at most three operations. He has obtained a fair average of results with these and, in considering the factors involved, tends to accept a theory which favors the operation of his choice. Reminiscent of the former battles between the advocates of tenotomy and those of advancement is the more recent argument between the late Dr. Jameson and Dr. O'Connor on the virtues of recession versus those of cinch shortening with central tenotomy. Worth, Landolt and their followers insist on the value of advancement with the idea that the insertion of the muscle is placed nearer the cornea, while van der Hoeve, Lancaster and others are firmly convinced that the muscle
GIFFORD SR. POSITION OF MUSCLES AFTER OPERATION FOR STRABISMUS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1942;27(3):443–459. doi:10.1001/archopht.1942.00880030015001
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