Although the pioneer work of Steiger1 has considerably enlarged the present conception of the development of the different types of refractions of the eye, there remain a number of problems in this field awaiting solution. It seems that starting from infantile hyperopia the development of the eye follows a plan of which the aim is to reach a state of approximate emmetropia. A definite correlation of growth between the various parts of the bulbus is necessary in order to accomplish this aim. Eyes with high refracting power develop a short axis, and eyes with low refraction develop a longer axis (Wibaut,2 Straub,3 Wessely4). Thus emmetropia does not depend either on an axis of a certain length or on a certain power of the refracting system but is the result of an adequate correlation of the two. This becomes obvious when one takes into consideration the fact
STOCKER FW. PATHOLOGIC ANATOMY OF MYOPIC EYE WITH REGARD TO NEWER THEORIES OF ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS OF MYOPIA. Arch Ophthalmol. 1943;30(4):476–488. doi:10.1001/archopht.1943.00880220068006
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