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Article
October 1943

PATHOLOGIC ANATOMY OF MYOPIC EYE WITH REGARD TO NEWER THEORIES OF ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS OF MYOPIA

Arch Ophthalmol. 1943;30(4):476-488. doi:10.1001/archopht.1943.00880220068006
Abstract

Although the pioneer work of Steiger1 has considerably enlarged the present conception of the development of the different types of refractions of the eye, there remain a number of problems in this field awaiting solution. It seems that starting from infantile hyperopia the development of the eye follows a plan of which the aim is to reach a state of approximate emmetropia. A definite correlation of growth between the various parts of the bulbus is necessary in order to accomplish this aim. Eyes with high refracting power develop a short axis, and eyes with low refraction develop a longer axis (Wibaut,2 Straub,3 Wessely4). Thus emmetropia does not depend either on an axis of a certain length or on a certain power of the refracting system but is the result of an adequate correlation of the two. This becomes obvious when one takes into consideration the fact

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