In the following 5 cases, holes in the periphery of the retina were observed without detachment. I am purposely leaving out of this consideration cases of macular holes, as these have a different causation and a different course. The importance of retinal holes in the causation of retinal detachment is generally accepted; therefore I may be justified in reporting these cases to illustrate that retinal holes may occur without detachment.
—J. R. M., a woman aged 61, complained on Aug. 26, 1908 that the sight in the left eye had become clouded ten days previously. There were present fine opacities of the vitreous and some edema of the retina in the nasal periphery, but no detachment. There was an irregular hole of about disk size just below the horizontal meridian in the nasal periphery in which the choroidal vessels could be distinctly observed. At the margin the retina
KNAPP A. PERIPHERAL RETINAL HOLES WITHOUT DETACHMENT. Arch Ophthalmol. 1943;30(5):585–590. doi:10.1001/archopht.1943.00880230017001
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