Since certain changes in the appearance of the arteries and the veins of the retina were described by Heyl1 as lipemia retinalis in 1880, various other authors have reported in detail some 50 cases up to the present time and thus have made lipemia retinalis well known to the ophthalmologist. Records from larger clinics and hospitals indicate that it is more commonly observed than reported in the literature. With the exception of Wagener's case,2 reported in 1922, the condition has been observed entirely in patients with diabetes. This has led authors of textbooks to give the reader the impression that diabetes is the only disease wherein this phenomenon may be seen in the fundus.
The level of blood lipids at which lipemia retinalis is first recognized and the level at which it disappears have been carefully determined by several authors (Chase,3 Kollner,4 Parker and Culler,5