The axiom "Necessity is the mother of invention" finds frequent fulfilment in the sphere of surgery, particularly, perhaps, in the field of reconstructive surgery, where conditions are constantly at variance and ingenuity takes precedence over established procedures in meeting the requirement of each case. Hence the report of a newly devised procedure in no way disparages the value of previously reported methods ; and if it solves a particular problem, it would seem odious to review, discuss and rationalize all other operations in order to justify the usefulness of one. The method I am about to describe arose out of the necessity for extensive ablation of the right lower lid in a case of basal cell carcinoma which had grown in both directions laterally from the middle of the lower lid and had invaded the tarsl cartilage. The growth was invasive and did not subside with moderate irradiation, and since
Whalman HF. RECONSTRUCTION OF ABLATED LOWER LID. Arch Ophthalmol. 1944;32(1):66–67. doi:10.1001/archopht.1944.00890070084012
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