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Article
June 1945

OCULAR WAR NEUROSES

Author Affiliations

MEDICAL CORPS, ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES

Arch Ophthalmol. 1945;33(6):440-448. doi:10.1001/archopht.1945.00890180036002
Abstract

The importance of psychologic tension in producing syndromes resembling organic disease first received widespread recognition during World War I. We were left with the now outmoded terms of "soldier's heart" and "shell shock." Since that time the importance of the psychologic aspect of medicine has increased until it borders on the strategic. The present war has already gone through phases known as the "war of nerves."

This paper has a twofold purpose: (1) the closer integration of psychiatric states presenting ocular symptoms with the specialty of ophthalmology and (2) the analysis of a series of cases of diseases of the eyes with special reference to psychiatry.

One of the difficulties of treating psychiatry and ophthalmology in one paper is that the terminology and the classification of psychiatric disease are not yet as uniform as are their counterparts in the older specialty of ophthalmology. To the variations in psychiatric terminology must

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