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January 1946


Author Affiliations

From the Howe Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1946;35(1):48-54. doi:10.1001/archopht.1946.00890200052012

The incidence of ophthalmic disease is significantly increased in patients with malaria, and the ocular disturbance can at times be the most serious complication of the general illness. This is an opinion borne out by more than 200 reports on the ocular complications of malaria published in the past seventy years. Certain types of ocular lesions appear to be characteristically associated with the various phases of systemic malarial infection. In view of the number of new cases of malaria now occurring as a result of military operations in the tropics, a survey of the ophthalmic aspects of the acute and the masked disease appears pertinent.

Opinions on the frequency of ocular complications in malaria have been divergent, depending considerably on variations in the definition of the term "complication" used by the different observers, as well as on the type of disease and the thoroughness of examination. In some instances "complication"

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