THE ANATOMY of the socket deserves a clearer presentation than the anatomy of this region usually receives. "Socket" means the bed or receptacle of the prosthesis. Theoretically, consideration of the anatomy of the region should be simple, since its spatial relationships have been covered in great detail. Actually, the anatomy, and more particularly the physiology, of the orbit without the eye departs farther from the normal than study of the literature would lead one to think. The ratio of the volume of the globe to that of the orbit, according to Duke-Elder, is 4.5: 1, but the removal of the one part makes a profound difference in the other.
There are essentially four types of sockets, depending on the procedure or the series of procedures by which the eye is removed. A separate discussion of each type, although elementary, may be advisable.
Socket formed by enucleation of the globe without
MARCKS KM, ZUGSMITH GS. PLASTIC REPAIR OF DEFORMITIES OF THE SOCKET AND MINOR DEFECTS ABOUT THE ORBIT. Arch Ophthalmol. 1946;36(1):55–69. doi:10.1001/archopht.1946.00890210058004
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.