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The book begins with a report of the work done in the hospital of this association in México, D. F., during 1944 and a description of the activities in the various departments. Then follow a number of articles; the longest and most important is the one on "Ocular Onchocerciasis in Chiapas" by Amselmo Fonte Bárcena. The author gives a history of the ocular complications of onchocerciasis reported since 1916, when Robles described them for the first time. The ocular symptoms are dominated by photophobia and blepharospasm, which in some cases are so severe that the patient cannot open his eyes at all. Besides photophobia, the patient complains of burning and a sensation of a foreign body in the eyes. These symptoms occur in attacks and disappear gradually when the infected nodules are removed.
The ocular findings vary with the acute and chronic stages of the disease. In the acute form
H. Escapini. Archivos de la Asociación para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico.. Arch Ophthalmol. 1946;36(5):646. doi:10.1001/archopht.1946.00890210656014