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Since the publication of Jaeger's "Atlas," in 1855, the illustration of lesions of the fundus has engaged the attention of many ophthalmologists. In England, Frost's "Atlas" appeared in 1896, and there were many beautiful illustrations in the Transactions of the Ophthalmological Society of the United Kingdom which were also the work of that eminent artist, A. W. Head. Oeller's "Atlas," in 1896, was the first atlas in which the reproductions were made in oils, and they were painted by the author. A beautiful atlas in color was published by di Marzio in 1937, in Italy.
The era of fundus photography was initiated with Dimmer's painstaking work, which began in 1905 and was summarized in an atlas by Dimmer and Pillat in 1927 ; but photographic reproduction did not come into its own until the Zeiss works brought out the Nordenson camera, based on modern optical principles (Gullstrand), with which excellent photographs
Arnold Knapp. Clinical Ophthalmoscopy.. Arch Ophthalmol. 1946;36(6):770. doi:10.1001/archopht.1946.00890210783012