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February 1947

RELAPSING AND CHRONIC OCULAR LESIONS: Following Mustard Gas (Dichloroethyl Sulfide) Burns

Author Affiliations

From the Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute of the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;37(2):139-148. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00890220148003

RELAPSING and chronic ocular lesions following mustard gas (dichloroethyl sulfide) burns are reported infrequently in the open literature. There is but 1 such case reported in the American literature1 and none in the records of the United States Veterans Hospitals.2 Two hundred and forty-three case reports have been found; 136 give sufficient data for review. Of the cases collected in this paper, 40 are from the open European literature,3 1 from the American literature, 9 from the duplicate records of the Evergreen School for the Blind in Maryland (1918 to 1924), an institution to which all of the United States Army blind of World War I were sent after the close of hostilities, and 2 were submitted from private practice.4 Recently Mann5 analyzed 84 cases from one London hospital.

The 107 cases not included in this review are mentioned only briefly in the literature,6