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May 1947

Ocular Prosthesis.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1947;37(5):700. doi:10.1001/archopht.1947.00890220717019

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The production and fitting of ocular prostheses have become more important with the introduction of new materials and with an increase in the need of artificial eyes. A quarter of a million people in this country wore prostheses before the war, and the number has significantly increased. This monograph, written by a member of the British Optometric Society, is a summary of earlier methods and a brief introduction to improved forms made possible by chemical advances.

The first seven chapters discuss the history of artificial eyes, the anatomy and physiology of the orbit and clinical fitting. The final chapter is an elementary presentation of the materials and methods of manufacture.

Polished stone or gold implants were originally used. These were chemically and esthetically unsatisfactory and were rapidly replaced with the introduction of glass, made in molds or by blowing. Various formulas have been used in making glass that is durable,

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