EVIDENCE is on record to the effect that among major sports boxing occupies a special position, since it deliberately aims at producing head injuries.1 It has been pointed out that some of the more dramatic manifestations of these injuries are colloquially referred to by such terms as "knock-out," "grogginess" and "punch-drunk" and that, for this reason, it is not usually appreciated that such conditions indicate serious cerebral disorders. It is true that similar injuries occur in sports other than boxing, e. g., in football and wrestling; but here they are accidents, rather than sequelae of intentional acts.
This paper presents clinical data suggesting that a statement similar to that referring to cerebral trauma may be made with regard to ocular injuries in boxing.
—M. L., aged 18, received a blow to the right eye during a boxing lesson at school. Almost immediately, vision in this
P. H. BOSHOFF, E. JOKL. BOXING INJURIES OF THE EYES. Arch Ophthalmol. 1948;39(5):643–644. doi:10.1001/archopht.1948.00900020652007