ROKITANSKY,1 in 1852, first reported the case of a 23-year-old man dying with diarrhea in whom necropsy examination revealed unusual nodules associated with most of the arteries except those of the brain and the aorta. It was not until 1866, however, that Kussmaul and Maier2 established the entity of periarteritis nodosa. Eppinger3 later reviewed the microscopic sections in Rokitansky's case and showed it truly to be one of periarteritis nodosa. Since then, there have been many reports of cases of this condition in the literature and several notable reviews.4
Though relatively rare, the disease has now been well established as an entity. It is a condition primarily affecting medium and small arteries. The protean signs and symptoms of the disease are thus explained by its ability to attack medium and small arteries of one or more of the body systems. For this reason, it may simulate
WISE GN. OCULAR PERIARTERITIS NODOSA: Report of Two Cases. AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1952;48(1):1–11. doi:10.1001/archopht.1952.00920010004001
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