The hereditary corneal dystrophies were described in the pre-slit-lamp days by Groenouw (1890), Biber (1890), and Haab and Dimmer (1899). The diagnostic features of granular and macular dystrophy were not evident with the apparatus then available, but the details of lattice dystrophy could be made out with oblique illumination and the loupe and this entity still retains its original name. Under the title of Groenouw's nodular dystrophy, the granular and macular types have been commingled in case reports, but most of these cases were certainly of granular dystrophies, since Bücklers, in 1938, found 96 cases of granular dystrophy, 27 cases of macular dystrophy, and only 6 cases of lattice dystrophy when he made his survey of Württemberg as a part of the plan to eliminate hereditary ailments from the German race.
Lattice dystrophy is a dominant hereditary affliction, first making its appearance about the 10th year of life. Despite the
LAVAL J, LLOYD RI. Successful Corneal Transplants in Four Eyes of Two Patients with Lattice Dystrophy. AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1955;53(6):884–888. doi:10.1001/archopht.1955.00930010892017
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