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August 1956

Pitfalls in Strabismus Surgery

Author Affiliations


AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1956;56(2):265-273. doi:10.1001/archopht.1956.00930040273010

Although ocular muscle surgery is usually considered to be a minor procedure, serious complications may occur, some of which may result in the loss of the eye. Most of them fortunately, do not jeopardize the eye but cause an unfavorable or unsatisfactory surgical result which could have been avoided.

The following presentation is a review of some of the causes of unsatisfactory results in the surgical management of strabismus cases. Such a review emphasizes the need for the utmost exactness in the management of these cases. Strict attention to detail can make the difference between mediocre and good results.

The subject will be considered from the following standpoints: A. general considerations, B. factors applying to all the muscles, C. factors applying to the individual muscle.

A. General Considerations 

  1. In considering the various pitfalls in ocular muscle surgery, we should first consider the physician himself. It is important for him

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