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August 1957

Toxoplasmic Uveitis

Author Affiliations

South Bend., Ind.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1957;58(2):259-264. doi:10.1001/archopht.1957.00940010271016

There have been so many references to toxoplasmosis as it relates to ophthalmology, during the past few years, that it seems to be developing into an American epidemic. This has occurred largely since 1937, after Sabin and Olitsky (1935) rediscovered the organism during their study of neurotropic viruses.1 Then, after Helenor Wilder,2 in 1952, published her findings of Toxoplasma organisms in 41 eyes removed from patients between the ages of 16 and 72 years, a new interest about the importance of Toxoplasma in granulomatous uveitis was incited. Two schools of thought have developed about the role of toxoplasmosis in causing uveitis; one minimizes its significance and almost says it is unimportant, while the other group overemphasizes its moment and consequence in causing uveitis.

Toxoplasmosis is widespread in man and animals; its distribution in nature extends from the most primitive to the most highly developed. It is found in

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