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This recurrently published summary of advances in ophthalmology covers various phases of ocular physiology, such as the threshold measurements on the light reflex of the pupil and the dark-adapted eye, the intracapsular mechanism of accommodation, and disturbances in the electroretinogram caused by blinking and eye movements. Other more clinical subjects covered are light coagulation of the retina and iris, the diagnosis and therapy of glaucoma, and transplantation of the lens from the eye of a corpse. In this last communication, by V. Cavka, is reported the case of a 32-year-old man with total adherent leucoma of the right cornea and a complicated cataract in the left eye. The left eye was completely blind. The cataract in the left eye was removed, and the lens of a dead person was transplanted. The transplantation was completely successful and was without irritation, and the intraocular pressure remained normal. Three months after the operation