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December 1958

George Frick: Factors Influencing Early Nineteenth Century Ophthalmology

Author Affiliations

Los Angeles

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1958;60(6):989-994. doi:10.1001/archopht.1958.00940081009002

To the practitioners of Baltimore early in the last century, George Frick was a respected colleague who applied to the specialty of ophthalmology great effort and profound thought. To medical historians his eminence in ophthalmology is contingent upon his "Treatise on the Diseases of the Eye," the first American textbook on the subject. Accordingly, the position of "Father of American Ophthalmology" has been assigned to him and the profession has generally accepted him as such.

Those early days of the dawn of specialization saw the commencement of an international rivalry leading to factional disputes among American ophthalmologists. Controversial opinions arose between English-oriented and German-oriented oculists, with Hays and others representative of the British school in Philadelphia and New York and Frick representative of the Viennese school in Baltimore, thus suggesting that an analysis of the differences between the British and Viennese attitude was reflected in the response of his contempories

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