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October 1959

Malignant Melanoma of Conjunctiva in Eye of Negro Patient

Author Affiliations

Jamaica, L. I., N. Y.
Department of Pathology, Queens Hospital Center.

AMA Arch Ophthalmol. 1959;62(4):697-701. doi:10.1001/archopht.1959.04220040159023

In 1941, Anderson1 examined a series of 14,000 surgical specimens, 78% of which came from Negro patients. Only 10 cases of malignant melanoma arising in American Negroes were among these surgical specimens, and only 1 of these 10 cases was a malignant melanoma of the eye, originating from the retina. In the same series 12 malignant melanomas in various locations Were encountered in white patients, pointing to a marked preponderance of these tumors in the white race, as the proportion of white patients in this series was only about 22%.

In 1950, Ash2 published a report and statistical data on epibulbar tumors based on over 1,000 cases. The proportions of Negro patients approximated 10%, which is also approximately the proportion of Negroes in the total population of the United States. Nevertheless, only 17 Negroes showed conjunctival nevi in comparison to 277 white persons, and only 3 Negroes showed