[Skip to Navigation]
December 1960

Studies of Retinal Vascular Patterns: Part I. Normal Architecture

Author Affiliations

Howe Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Harvard University Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1960;64(6):904-911. doi:10.1001/archopht.1960.01840010906012

Flat preparations of the retina afford an unusually favorable opportunity to study blood vessel architecture (Ballantyne and Lowenstein1). The retinal vessels have been visualized in the past by the following methods: 1. injection of India ink into the heart, major arteries, or directly into the retinal artery (Michaelsen,2 Ashton,3 Keeney and Barlow,4 and others); 2. latex injection into the aorta (Janes5); 3. benzidine-peroxidase staining of the red blood cells (Michaelsen2); 4. infusion of silver nitrate with subsequent reduction of the silver to outline the reticular fibers,6 and 5. staining of the full thickness of

Add or change institution