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June 1961

Richard Liebreich and His Atlas of Ophthalmoscopy

Author Affiliations

Los Angeles

Arch Ophthalmol. 1961;65(6):792-797. doi:10.1001/archopht.1961.01840020794007

After the invention of the ophthalmoscope in 1851 there followed a flood of ophthalmoscopic literature, disclosing the tremendous interest aroused by the instrument. How many seemingly unrelated and obscure problems might now be open to a new approach? Only time would tell. It was inevitable that all discoveries and interpretations inspired by the ophthalmoscope would in due time be assembled into a single comprehensive illustrated publication. The year 1863 brought that book—the first Atlas of Ophthalmology, by Richard Liebreich—a timely volume on a rapidly expanding subject. Since then, many treatises on ophthalmoscopy have appeared, in fact more than a hundred of them, dealing solely with the examination and diagnostic evaluation of fundus changes,1 but the credit for the first systematic compilation goes to Richard Liebreich.

Biographical Data  Richard Liebreich (Fig. 1) was born in Königsberg on June 30, 1830. He studied medicine at the university of his native city

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