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August 1961

Ophthalmoplegia and Retinal Degeneration Associated with Spinocerebellar Ataxia

Author Affiliations

Brooklyn, N.Y.
Dr. Okazaki's present address: Department of Pathology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Supported in part by Neuropathology Training Grant 2B-5062 from the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness, United States Public Health Service.; From the Division of Ophthalmology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, and the Division of Neuropathology, Department of Pathology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1961;66(2):247-259. doi:10.1001/archopht.1961.00960010249017

Introduction  The predominant ocular findings reported in the familial and heredodegenerative ataxias are nystagmus, optic atrophy, and ocular muscle palsies. Nystagmus is said to be characteristic of the so-called spinal form of familial ataxia (Friedreich's ataxia) and optic atrophy and ocular muscle palsies of the spinocerebellar (Marie's ataxia) and cerebellar forms of heredodegenerative ataxia.1 We are concerned in this paper with some aspects of the ocular findings in the heredodegenerative ataxias which fit broadly within the classification of the spinocerebellar and cerebellar forms of the disease.In the literature we found a group of heredodegenerative ataxias associated with progressive ophthalmoplegia, a group associated with retinal degeneration, and a group associated with both ophthalmoplegia and retinal degeneration.Stephans et al.2 in 1958 reported 4 cases of heredodegenerative ataxia associated with progressive ophthalmoplegia in which the ophthalmoplegia was characterized by an impairment of upward gaze with a preservation of

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