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November 1961

Spirochetal Infection of the Canaliculus

Author Affiliations

Calcutta, India
From the Departments of Ophthalmology and Bacteriology of the S.S.K.M. Hospital, Calcutta.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1961;66(5):649-651. doi:10.1001/archopht.1961.00960010651009

The inflammation of the canaliculus, although a rare disease, constitutes a clinical entity in the form of suppurative canaliculitis also known as blennorrhea of the canaliculus; the organisms found to be responsible have been staphylococci, gonococci, pneumococci, Bacillus pyocyaneus, diplobacillus, sarcinae, and Micrococcus tetragenus (Duke-Elder, 1952). A purulent inflammation of nonspecific origin has also been described by Elschnig (1909), Hoitasch (1922), Wiltschke (1924), Stock (1924), Theobald (1926), Morana (1929), and Herrenschwand (1931). Since its original description by von Graefe (1854-1855), fungus infection of the canaliculi has also become well recognized. But spirochaetal infection of the canaliculus leading to suppurative canaliculitis is an extreme rarity and perhaps has not been reported up till now.

Report of Case  A Hindu female, aged 50 years, attended the eye outpatient department of the S.S.K.M. Hospital on Sept. 13, 1960, with a history that about 4 months ago her right eye started watering. Two months

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