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June 1962

Generalized Choroidal Angiosclerosis

Author Affiliations

Iowa City
From the Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, State University of Iowa.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;67(6):727-735. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960020727006

Choroidal angiosclerosis not resulting from senile arteriosclerotic changes or from inflammatory conditions of the choroid and retina may occur in 3 forms (Sorsby1). It may be either of the central areolar type, or of the peripapillary type, or it may take the form of a generalized angiosclerosis with or without involvement of the macula. The history and the findings in patients afflicted with choroidal angiosclerosis differ in accordance with the forms under which the condition manifests itself.

The disease belongs to the group of the chorioretinal abiotrophies, may be familial in nature, and is closely related to gyrate atrophy, choroideremia, and the chorioretinal degeneration described by Falls and Cotterman,2 on the one hand, and to the retinitis pigmentosa group on the other hand. This position of choroidal angiosclerosis within the chorioretinal abiotrophies has been brought out well by Stanković.3 He has also paid particular attention to its