[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
December 1962

Congenital Melanosis OculiReport of a Case

Arch Ophthalmol. 1962;68(6):738-741. doi:10.1001/archopht.1962.00960030742008

True congenital melanosis iridis, or hyperpigmentation of the iris, occurs in melanosis oculi, a condition characterized by increased pigmentation of the uveal tract, sclera, and occasionally of the optic papilla. Its occurrence in fair, or lightly-pigmented individuals is relatively rare and preponderantly unilateral. In several of the cases reported in the literature biomicroscopy reveals a system of peculiar, distinctive, star-like verrucosities scattered over the anterior layer of the iris which are not found normally in any race or in any pathological condition. In reviewing the literature only 6 previously reported cases of bilateral verrucous hyperchromia of the iris could be found; the last was reported in 1928.

Report of Case  A 10-year-old white female was seen on a routine "eye check-up." She was noted to have "brown eyes" a few days after birth. Her eyes have become "only slightly darker" since then. The mother's pregnancy, labor, and delivery were not

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview