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December 1963

Clostridium Welchii Conjunctivitis

Author Affiliations

New York
From the Bacteriology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1963;70(6):791-795. doi:10.1001/archopht.1963.00960050793012

Introduction  Ocular infection or contamination by anaerobic organisms and in particular Clostridium welchii (Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus aerogenes capsulatus) is rarely reported. This is due in part to the difficulty in growing anaerobic organisms on the media routinely used. Up to 1955 only 56 cases of gas gangrene panophthalmitis had been reported.1 Chronic unilateral Cl welchii dacryocystitis followed by perforating ocular injury and ultimately gas gangrene panophthalmitis was described by Beneditti.2 This author also claimed to have isolated several anaerobic organisms including Cl welchii from various ocular infections. The same organism may have been responsible for a case of ulcerative keratitis associated with a lid wound.3Cl welchii has also been found to contaminate the lashes without other evidence of infection.4 We have been unable to find a case report of conjunctivitis caused by Cl welchii in either the ophthalmic or bacteriologic literature.The following report deals

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