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February 1964

A Hereditary Syndrome: "Dysplasia Oculodentodigitalis"

Author Affiliations

Birmingham, Ala
Instructor of ophthalmology at the Medical College.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1964;71(2):187-192. doi:10.1001/archopht.1964.00970010203009

In 1957 Meyer-Schwickerath, Gruterich, and Weyers1 described two patients with a combination of microphthalmus, dental anomalies, and a deformity of the fifth fingers bilaterally consisting of a camptodactylia. Also the alae nasi were small with anteverted nostrils. One of their patients had bilateral glaucoma; a cutaneous syndactyly between fingers four and five bilaterally which had been operated, a very short middle phalanx of the fifth fingers, and an internal epicanthus. The corneal diameters in this patient (a white female, 13 years of age) measured 9 mm bilaterally while the intraocular pressures were 27-55 mm Hg in the right eye and 30-57 mm Hg in the left eye. The visual field was altered due to the glaucoma. In addition this patient had anomalies of both irides, the fundi were normal, the feet showed absence of the middle phalanx of both small toes and a hypotrichosis was present in general. No

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