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July 1964

Amebic Choroidosis

Author Affiliations

From the Clinical and Research Departments, Wills Eye Hospital.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1964;72(1):16-22. doi:10.1001/archopht.1964.00970020018005

Introduction  In 1936 the French ophthalmologist, Toulant, wrote "L'amibiase oculaire existe-t-elle?"1 His skepticism seems justified by the tremendous variety of ocular manifestations attributed to amebiasis in the literature. Basquis2 in 1930 summarized 108 case reports of ocular amebiasis from the literature, only four of which exhibited choroidopathy. Varas Samaniego3 reported the first successfully treated case of ocular amebiasis. Harris and Birch4 attributed a case of bilateral granulomatous uveitis to amebiasis. Braley and Hamilton5 defined a specific posterior polar choroidosis associated with amebiasis which responded to antiamebic therapy. Eggers8 presented a case similar to those of Braley and Hamilton.During one year, we studied at the Wills Eye Hospital five cases that seem to represent amebic choroidosis. These cases of this potentially reversible cause of posterior polar retinal dysfunction are presented covering their clinical characteristics, diagnostic tests, therapeutic routine, and results.

Diagnostic Criteria  The diagnoses

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