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August 1965

Labrador Keratopathy

Arch Ophthalmol. 1965;74(2):198-202. doi:10.1001/archopht.1965.00970040200013

Introduction  During visits to Labrador in eastern Canada, observations were made on an unusual form of corneal degeneration. It exhibited a variety of appearances, which were thought to be different stages of a single entity. The cases were seen in the clinics of the International Grenfell Association, which administers the medical service in Labrador and north Newfoundland. Corneal disease has been reported by previous visitors to the area,1,2 which is shown in Fig 1. A modern slit lamp, which became available there in 1964, enabled a detailed study of the cornea to be made and thereby, a definition of what are believed to be the early stages of this degeneration.The population of Labrador is grouped in small coastal settlements, of which the largest contains about 600 people. The town of Happy Valley, which has grown in association with the Air Force and civil air bases at Goose Bay,