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October 1968

Progress in Learning Disabilities

Arch Ophthalmol. 1968;80(4):522. doi:10.1001/archopht.1968.00980050524022

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The premium placed by society on a university education has brought the problem of learning disabilities more and more to the attention of physicians in general and to ophthalmologists in particular. The interdisciplinary interest in this problem is illustrated by this excellent monograph which includes contributions from educators, physicians, physiologists, and psychologists. A contribution from a sociologist or philosopher might have been added to explain the new emphasis placed by the public on proficiency in academic subjects as a principal means to economic achievement and social position.

The difficulty in clearly defining the problem in scientific terms is made apparent, and there are no definitive therapeutic techniques. In general, learning disabilities can be equated with reading difficulties. A certain number of reading disorders are related to various forms of brain damage that produce well-known syndromes. However, the specific brain pathology causing reading disorders is unknown. The main problem is the

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