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April 1971

Intraocular Pressure in Diabetes: Relationship to Retinopathy and Blood Glucose Level

Author Affiliations

From the Joslin Diabetes Foundation Inc., Harvard Medical School, and the New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1971;85(4):423-427. doi:10.1001/archopht.1971.00990050425005

The intraocular pressure of 101 unselected diabetics was correlated to the presence of retinopathy, the blood glucose level, and various clinical factors. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) The mean intraocular pressure in unselected diabetics is not different from that of the general population. There is no difference in mean pressure between juvenile and maturity-onset diabetics. (2) Sex, present age, duration of diabetes, blood pressure, blood glucose level, and type of antidiabetic therapy showed no relation to the intraocular pressure. (3) The presence or absence of retinopathy was not related to the intraocular pressure in these patients with pressures still within normal limits. These essentially negative results support several earlier studies. They differ from some reports originating mainly from ophthalmological clinics, in which differences have been reported.