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August 1971

Ocular Changes Following Air-Blast Injury

Author Affiliations

Little Rock Ark
From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas Medical Center, Little Rock, Ark.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1971;86(2):125-126. doi:10.1001/archopht.1971.01000010127001

HEAD TRAUMA, particularly that involving orbital fractures, may lead to optic nerve injury. In this case, a blast of air from an air hose at a gasoline service station directed at the eye of a child resulted in optic nerve atrophy. The mode of air-blast induced injury to the eye, and the path traveled by the air to other parts of the body is described.

Report of a Case  A 6-year-old Negro boy was accidently hit in the right eye by a blast of air from a high pressure air hose. His face immediately became swollen but his health was not otherwise altered. Vital signs on admission were blood pressure, 100/70 mm Hg; pulse rate, 120 beats per minute; and respiration rate, 24 per minute. Physical examination at the time revealed a massive subcutaneous emphysema of the entire face. The right eye could not be opened, and the left eye

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