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March 1972

Strabismus: A History of Orthoptic Techniques.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1972;87(3):361. doi:10.1001/archopht.1972.01000020363024

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This book is the first to deal with the history of the treatment of strabismus from 1700 bc to the present day.

The principal theories of the etiology of strabismus are described and the many workers in the field are quoted extensively. Treatment techniques and instruments are traced and described from the early masks of the 16th century to the present more sophisticated pleoptophors.

The author states quite truly that his history is incomplete. Unfortunately, the book contains many misspellings of the names of workers in the field of strabismus—Claud Worth, spelled Claude, Priestley Smith is hyphenated, while Duke-Elder often does not have his hyphen, to name a few. These should be corrected when there is a second edition of the book.

For beginning students of orthoptics, it can be a useful reference book.

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