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March 1977

Glaucoma and Retinal Detachment

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1977;95(3):418-422. doi:10.1001/archopht.1977.04450030060003

• In a survey of 817 patients undergoing primary operations for retinal detachment, glaucoma was present in 9.5%. Ocular hypertension (intraocular pressure [IOP] greater than 21 mm Hg) was present in an additional 6.5%. Primary open-angle glaucoma; the type of glaucoma most frequently encountered, occurred in 4% of the patients. Aphakic eyes and eyes with peripheral anterior synechiae had high prevalences of glaucoma. A high percentage of eyes with posttraumatic angle recessions had either glaucoma or elevated 10Ps. Miotics used in the treatment of glaucoma could not be definitely implicated as a cause of retinal detachment. The rate of successful retinal reattachment was the same, whether or not glaucoma was present. However, a good visual result occurred less frequently in patients with glaucoma.

(Arch Ophthalmol 95:418-422, 1977)

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