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November 1977

Clinical Comparison of 10% and 25% Intravenous Sodium Fluorescein Solutions

Arch Ophthalmol. 1977;95(11):2015-2016. doi:10.1001/archopht.1977.04450110109013

• Sodium fluorescein solutions, 3 ml of 25% solution and 5 ml of 10% solution, were compared with a double-blind crossover method in a group of 41 normal volunteers and in a group of 42 patients who had diverse ophthalmic disorders. Following injection of the solutions into the antecubital vein, visualization, serial fluorescein angiograms, and five-minute phase angiograms were studied and compared.

The untoward reactions reported in both studies were of types usually associated with sodium fluorescein, the most common of which was a mild, transient nausea. On the basis of our results, there is no significant difference in the incidence and severity of adverse reactions between the 10% and 25% solutions.

In the volunteer study, the 25% solution was significantly superior in visualization and paired comparison (P <.001). In the patient study, the 25% solution was significantly superior in angiogram quality (p <.01), five-minute phase angiogram (p <.05), and paired comparison (p <.005).

The overall superiority of the 25% concentration in a 3-ml volume was demonstrated both subjectively and objectively in the volunteer study and in the patient study.

(Arch Ophthalmol 95:2015-2016, 1977)