• Ciliary muscle function in patients with Adie's syndrome was studied retrospectively in 122 patients and prospectively in 17 patients. When a careful history was taken, two thirds of the patients had ciliary muscle-related symptoms. Most of the patients with Adie's syndrome had a moderate accommodative paresis, but there was a strong tendency for the ciliary muscle to recover with time. Many patients showed a tonicity of accommodation, especially those who had had the condition for several years. Astigmatism could be induced with accommodation in one third of patients. This may be related to segmental paralysis of the ciliary muscle. Seventy-three percent of the patients showed supersensitivity of the ciliary muscle in the involved eye, when both eyes were treated with a mixture of 0.25% pilocarpine hydrochloride and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (Isopto Carpine). This may be of clinical aid in diagnosing Adie's syndrome. Two patients were found to have bilateral ciliary muscle dysfunction but only unilateral pupillary abnormalities. These two patients may have had a "pupil-sparing" Adie's syndrome.
Bell RA, Thompson HS. Ciliary Muscle Dysfunction in Adie's Syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 1978;96(4):638–642. doi:10.1001/archopht.1978.03910050334008
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