• The surgical correction of intermittent exotropia occasionally results in a monofixational sensory pattern. Stereopsis as a measure of bifixation was studied preoperatively and postoperatively in 39 cases of intermittent exotropia. Of 26 patients with bifixation, 25 remained so after surgery. Of 13 patients with monofixation, 11 remained unchanged by surgery, one improved, and one lost all binocularity. The presence of preoperative monofixational intermittent exotropia, to explain a monofixation result from intermittent exotropia surgery, is proposed.
John D. Baker, Gerald T. Davies. Monofixational Intermittent Exotropia. Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(1):93–95. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020010033007