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March 1979

Experimental Ciliochoroidal Detachment: Effect on Intraocular Pressure and Aqueous Humor Flow

Author Affiliations

From the Clinical Branch, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Bethesda, Md. Dr Pederson is now with Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(3):536-541. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020010280020

• Ciliochoroidal detachments were produced in rhesus monkeys by injecting glutathione bicarbonate Ringer's solution, autologous serum, or silicone oil into the anterior suprachoroidal space. Silicone oil detachments, like sham operations, caused a transient 2 mm Hg reduction in intraocular pressure. Detachments with glutathione bicarbonate Ringer's solution or serum caused a 6 mm Hg reduction in intraocular pressure, which normalized in three weeks. Aqueous humor flow in serum-detached eyes was normal, indicating that the hypotonia does not result from reduced aqueous humor formation. Blood was present in Schlemm's canal in most eyes with hypotonia, which suggests that hypotonia is not the result of enhanced conventional aqueous humor outflow. Therefore, it is postulated that hypotonia might result from enhanced aqueous humor outflow from the anterior chamber into the suprachoroidal space and out of the eye through the emissarial channels of the sclera (uveoscleral outflow).