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April 1979

The Ocular Manifestations in Fabry's Disease

Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(4):671-676. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020010327008

• We present the ocular manifestations in a series of 37 hemizygous male and 25 heterozygous female patients with Fabry's disease. The ocular findings typically do not impair vision, but are unique and diagnostic. Whorl-like corneal deposits were seen in almost all patients and were more severe in the heterozygotes. The lens showed cream-colored anterior capsular deposits, sometimes in striking "propeller" distribution, in one third of the hemizygotes, and in none of the heterozygotes. A faint but unique posterior capsular opacity with a branching radial pattern was seen in 37% of the hemizygotes and 14% of the heterozygotes. Conjunctival vessel aneurysmal dilations and retinal vessel tortuosity were both more frequent and severe in the hemizygotes. Severe visual loss occurred in two hemizygotes as a result of unilateral total central artery occlusions.