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August 1979

Optic Disc Parameters and Onset of Glaucomatous Field Loss: II. Static Screening Criteria

Author Affiliations

From the Wilmer Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore (Drs Sommer, Pollack, and Maumenee), and Helen Keller International, New York (Dr Sommer).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(8):1449-1454. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020020111003

• Stereoscopic fundus photographs of 17 abnormal eyes, taken in known temporal relationship to the onset of glaucomatous visual field loss, and 206 eyes of age- and race-matched controls were examined in randomized masked fashion. Width of the narrowest remaining disc rim, size of the vertical and horizontal physical cups, contour of the temporal and nasal slopes (vertical ovalness), and a newly described parameter, thickness of the nerve fiber layer as it crosses the disc rim, were all useful for distinguishing patients with impending or established visual field loss. None, however, was as effective as defects in the nerve fiber layer, the only parameter displaying sufficient promise as a clinical screening tool to warrant initiation of large-scale prospective evaluation.

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