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September 1979

Perinatal Retinal Haemorrhages: Morphology, Aetiology and Significance

Arch Ophthalmol. 1979;97(9):1771. doi:10.1001/archopht.1979.01020020299034

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


This monograph comes from the University of Munich and represents an excellent survey. It is based on a previous thesis in which 400 newborn infants were examined at the First Clinic for Women. All infants were examined within the first 24 hours of life and some of them were reexamined to observe the rapid absorption of the retinal hemorrhages.

The author presents a logical classification of retinal hemorrhages with excellent clinical and histologic illustrations. Most interesting is the proof of a fibrin thrombus in the area of rupture of a retinal vessel.

The author could not draw any conclusions as to the role of retinal hemorrhages in the development of amblyopia. About one third of all newborn infants have retinal hemorrhages.

A superb bibliography makes this book a scholarly contribution of the first order.

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