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February 1980

Statokinetic Dissociation in Lesions of the Anterior Visual Pathways: A Reappraisal of the Riddoch Phenomenon

Author Affiliations

From the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami, School of Medicine, Miami. Dr Safran is now with the Clinique d'Ophthalmologie, Geneva.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1980;98(2):291-295. doi:10.1001/archopht.1980.01020030287009

• With standard Goldmann perimetry, physiologic dissociation of kinetic and static stimuli was first investigated in 15 normal subjects. Variable degrees of statokinetic dissociation (SKD) occurred for white and for red (achromatic perception) targets, but not for chromatic recognition of red. To analyze relative sensitivity of these stimuli in defining field defects, a set of "isopter equivalents," eg, white I2e, red II4c (achromatic perception), and red V4e (chromatic recognition) was empirically established in normal and in pathologic fields of 11 patients with compression of the anterior visual pathways. The "Riddoch phenomenon" (SKD) was documented in defective fields in all patients with tumors; SKD occurred for white or for red achromatic perception. The most sensitive technique for elaborating field defects proved to be static presentation of white or red stimuli (achromatic perception) and chromatic recognition of static or kinetic red. As a rapid, sensitive screening method, especially for subtle defects, we suggest the addition of chromatic recognition of kinetic red stimuli to the application of standard kinetic white stimuli. Our findings are discussed in light of current concepts of retinal ganglion cell physiology.

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