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November 1980

Retrolental Fibroplasia

Arch Ophthalmol. 1980;98(11):2088. doi:10.1001/archopht.1980.01020040940039

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This book is a superb description on the historical background, development, and present state of this unusual ocular disease, which primarily affects prematurely born infants. The author has been in the forefront of neonatologists concerned with retrolental fibroplasia for three decades, and he was one of the first pediatricians to become seriously interested in this potentially blinding condition.

The author gives an interesting account of the first infants observed with this disease by Chandler and Terry in Boston. They soon realized that this was a new entity. Within a few years, the condition had increased in frequency to resemble an epidemic, and retrolental fibroplasia became the most frequent cause of blindness among children. The author then follows the various attempts to elucidate the causes of this condition, which culminated in the cooperative study on the effect of oxygen conducted in this country between 1953 and 1954.

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